AFTER the architect analyzes the building footprint, the architect will arrange the pre-concept, design concept, and work drawings of the home. The pre-concept stage of the building is the beginning of the design of the home building design. In the pre-concept home, building consists of theories, basic ideas, plans, desires, and needs of the home-owner.
After the architect has data on the state of the land, the site of the building, the function of the building, and the needs of the home-owner. The architect will translate the abstract idea into a home building design. Furthermore, architects will research a basis for preparing pre-concept home building designs.
This pre-concept home building design will be developed into a design concept that is the basis for the development of a home design. At the development stage of the home design, the architect will design the construction system and the structure of the home. The architect will also design a mechanical electrical plumbing system related to machinery, electricity, clean and dirty water pipes.
Also, the architect will draw up an estimate of construction costs presented in the form of drawings, system diagrams, and written reports. At the stage of developing a home design, the architect must describe the size of the building according to the needs and desires of the home-owner.
Next, the architect will discuss with the home-owner about the material, architectural and structural specifications. At this stage, the home-owner will know the details of the cost of building a home. Before being executed, the concept of home design must be adjusted to the home-owner budget.
In the next stage, the architect will show pictures of home building site plans, floor plans, looks, pieces, and perspectives to the home-owner. The architect must explain the entire home building design in detail. After the home-owner agrees, the architect draws up a working picture of the home’s building.
What is a work drawings of a home building?
Homebuilding work drawings are guidelines for contractors before building a home. The working drawings must be understood by all those who participated in the process of building a home.
Through working drawings, architects present clear, precise, and detailed documentation of the construction of homes. Namely, the form of work drawings, technical construction specifications, calculation of the quantity of work and estimated costs of implementation of development.
Working drawings serve to complete the technical clarity in the administration of development implementation. Explain the shape, dimensions, and details of home building construction. Working drawings must also contain quantitative clarity. So that the contractor can understand the clarity of the implementation of home building construction techniques.
Working drawings also serve to measure the strength of a home before it is built. Because the dimensions, placement, and building materials have been calculated in great detail. Working drawings can also be used to calculate building budget plans.
The use of materials and costs can also be more efficient. Because the number of building materials and how to work it has been well considered. Through working drawings, the implementation of building homes can be monitored properly. Because the work drawings are loaded the workings and order of the implementation of development systematically.
A detailed and clear working picture will shorten the time and cost. Because the contractor can easily realize the dream home-owner’s home in physical form. Likewise with construction workers. They can easily understand the design of the home designed by the architect.
If the work drawings made by the architect are detailed and clear. But the contractor was wrong in the process. The home-owner can submit a claim to the contractor.
What are the contents of the home building work picture?
Homebuilding work drawings consist of block plans, site plans, floor plans, visible drawings, detailed drawings, structural pieces, foundation plans, floorboards, floor beams, roofs, ceilings, floor patterns, door placement, windows, clean water plans, sanitation, plans furniture, electrical plans, and lighting points.
Block Plan is a two-dimensional drawing that shows the details of the plan to be carried out on land plots, road plans, electricity, water utilities, and dirty water. The block plan must include scale information, image description, road name, the direction of the traffic lane, wind direction, vegetation, placement, and name of the surrounding buildings.
Site Plan is the layout of home building designs that are placed in a field. The site plan uses media that was previously conceptualized first. Through the site plan, we can find out the access of space from the site, the placement of space and its relationship with other spaces and with the site, as well as views obtained by each room.
A floor plan is a view of the building that is cut horizontally to show the floor of the building. Plans explain in detail with the description of the scale, size of the room, room name, height of the room, openings in the room, placement of the furniture in the room, the direction of the wind, as well as the cut line and the direction of view.
The picture appears to illustrate the physical external appearance of the building in two dimensions. Images appear to be drawn plain to emphasize the dimensions or back and forth of the building’s area.
In the picture, the dimensions of the building, proportions, architectural style, building colors and materials, and building aesthetics will be presented. The direction of the image can be adjusted according to the direction of the wind, or even the particular view you want to display.
Detailed drawings present various working drawings in even more detail. For example, detailed drawings of the structure of the foundation, details of wooden joints, to furniture design details.
Structural Pieces explain the structure used including dimensions, a distance of placement, and material used. Piece images can also be a three-dimensional perspective. In the piece image, the height of the room, scale, and material must not be forgotten.
Ultrastructural pieces also explain the image of a building that is cut vertically to show the contents or the inside of the building. The cut-off part of the building and the direction of view is included in the plan so that the whole can be read comprehensively. In the picture, the piece also shows the structure of the building and the height dimensions of the room.
After being examined and received approval from the building contractor. The working drawings are ready to be used for the home building process. The architect must oversee the process of building a home to completion. The aim is for the contractor to realize the home building according to the initial design.
Falling Water, a Phenomenal Home Building to the Present
Here is an example of a home building named Falling Water by Frank Lloyd Wright that did not come out of the initial design concept. The building, built-in 1936-1939, is located in the woods of Oak and Maple Mill Run, Pennsylvania.
Initially, the home was owned by Edgar J Kaufmann. However, in 1963 it was handed over to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy in recognition of the work of Frank Lloyd Wright.
Falling Water was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966 and “Place of a Lifetime” by the National Geographic Traveler. Falling Water was also awarded as “The Best all-time work of American Architecture” by the American Institute of Architects in 1991.
Falling Water’s home building design brings the concept of a vacation home that blends with nature. Utilize natural materials from the environment wisely. Falling Water’s building site optimizes the potential of the surrounding environment.
The concept of the Falling Water structure is dominated by reinforced concrete cantilever systems built on rocks. The walls and roof have many openings as an application of the concept of energy-saving. So that sunlight and air easily enter the home.
The main entrance to the Falling Water home is made simple. Marked by a pole made of real stone. The interior features stone and wood. Changed the original structure of the riverbank a bit.
Falling Water consists of three floors. Each floor has a cantilevered terrace. The most phenomenal cantilever system is located in the family room. It is located at the top of a waterfall from the Bear Run hill river flow. The sound of the Falling Water river produces a home that is not only comfortable and integrated with nature. However, it has been a phenomenal work of architecture up to now. (*)